Serat Babad Tanah Jawi is a historical chronicle of the kings of Java, starting from the time of Prophet Adam until the year 1647. It is written in Javanese language and script, and has many versions and editions. One of the most popular versions is the one edited by J.J. Meinsma and Ngabehi Kertapradja in 1874, which is a prose adaptation of the original verse version by Carik Braja.
If you are interested in reading this classic work of Javanese literature, you can download it for free from the Internet Archive[^1^]. Here are the steps to do so:
Go to https://archive.org/details/BabadTanahDjawi
On the right side of the page, you will see a box that says \"Download Options\". Click on the PDF icon to download the file.
Save the file to your device and open it with a PDF reader.
You can also read other versions of Serat Babad Tanah Jawi online, such as the one by Pangeran Adilangu II[^3^] or the one by Sri Nata. However, these versions are not in PDF format, but in HTML or plain text. You can copy and paste them into a word processor if you want to print them or save them as PDF.
I hope this article helps you to access and enjoy Serat Babad Tanah Jawi. It is a valuable source of information and insight into the history and culture of Java.Some Highlights of Serat Babad Tanah Jawi
Serat Babad Tanah Jawi covers a long span of time and events, from the creation of the world to the rise and fall of various kingdoms in Java. It is not possible to summarize it in a short article, but here are some of the most interesting and important episodes that you can find in the book:
The story of Ken Arok and Ken Dedes, the founders of the Singhasari kingdom. Ken Arok was a thief who fell in love with Ken Dedes, the wife of Tunggul Ametung, a local ruler. He killed Tunggul Ametung with a magic dagger and married Ken Dedes. He later became the king of Singhasari and expanded his territory by defeating other kingdoms. However, he was also killed by his own son, Anusapati, who was born from Tunggul Ametung and Ken Dedes.
The story of Raden Wijaya and Gajah Mada, the founders of the Majapahit kingdom. Raden Wijaya was a descendant of Ken Arok and a vassal of Kertanegara, the last king of Singhasari. When Kertanegara was attacked and killed by Jayakatwang, the king of Kediri, Raden Wijaya allied himself with the Mongol invaders who came to Java to avenge Kertanegara. He tricked both Jayakatwang and the Mongols and established his own kingdom, Majapahit. Gajah Mada was his prime minister who vowed to unite Nusantara (the archipelago) under Majapahit's rule. He achieved his goal by conquering many kingdoms and regions, such as Bali, Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, Maluku, and even parts of mainland Southeast Asia.
The story of Brawijaya and Sutawijaya, the last kings of Majapahit and the first kings of Mataram. Brawijaya was the son of Hayam Wuruk, the greatest king of Majapahit. He faced many challenges and rebellions during his reign, such as the war with Blambangan, the revolt of Kertabhumi, and the spread of Islam. He had many wives and children, but none of them could succeed him as king. He died without an heir and left Majapahit in chaos. Sutawijaya was a descendant of Brawijaya who lived in Jipang (Pajang), a small kingdom that emerged from the ruins of Majapahit. He was a brave and ambitious warrior who fought against Demak, another Islamic kingdom that claimed to be the successor of Majapahit. He defeated Demak and established his own kingdom, Mataram. He also adopted Islam as his religion and changed his name to Panembahan Senopati.
These are just some examples of the fascinating stories that you can read in Serat Babad Tanah Jawi. There are many more stories that depict the lives and deeds of kings, queens, heroes, villains, saints, demons, gods, and goddesses in Java's history and mythology. 061ffe29dd